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Important Bird Species on Heather Moorland
There are 46 species of birds that occur regularly on heather moorland for feeding and/or breeding in England and Wales. The following tables show the bird species found on moorland and also to what degree they rely on the heather moorland habitat. The coloured dots against each species represent the conservation value that has been assigned for that species and the criteria for each. An explanation of the criteria can be found by simply clicking on the coloured dots.
Table 1 - Birds Virtually Confined to Heather Moorland
(Click on the coloured dots for explanation of conservation code)
Table 2 - Birds that Breed mainly on Heather Moorland
Table 3 - Moorland Provides Major Breeding Habitat
Table 4 - Moorland Provides Locally Important Breeding Habitat
Table 5 - Moorland Provides Important Feeding Habitat
Species listed on Annex 1 of EC Directive 79/409/EEC on the Conservation of Wild Birds, requiring the UK Government to take special measures, including the designation of Special Protection Areas, to ensure the survival and reproduction of these species throughout their area of distribution.
Red & Amber
The UK's leading non-governmental bird conservation organisations, (RSPB, BirdLife International, The Game Conservancy Trust, British Trust for Ornithology, The Hawk and Owl Trust, The Wildlife Trusts and The National Trust), have agreed the priorities for bird conservation after reviewing the status of all bird species in the UK, Channel Islands and Isle of Man - 1996. The bird species are divided into three sections or lists.
All species whose breeding population declined or range contracted by 50% or more, (rapid), over the preceding 25 years (i.e. 1980-1995), and those of global conservation concern. Also birds with a high historical decline from 1800-1995.
All species whose breeding population declined or range contracted by 25 -49%, (moderate), over the preceding 25 years. Or birds with 0.2 - 300 annually breeding pairs taking an average over the previous five years. Or birds for which 50% their breeding or non-breeding population is found at 10 or fewer sites. Or breeding species of which 20% or more of the European population breeds in the UK. Or birds with an unfavourable conservation status in Europe. These birds may progress to rapid decline unless action is taken.
All other regularly occurring species in UK, Channel Islands and Isle of Man are on the Green list. 134 out of a total bird assemblage of 280 species